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怎么样作祈使句

发布时间:2019-09-17

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一、祈使句的分类
祈使句表请求、命令、叮嘱、邀请、劝告等.祈使句分为第二人称祈使句及第—、三人称祈使句两大类.
1.第二人称祈使句通常用来向听话者发出命令,提出要求或建议.这种祈使句的主语you通常不表示出来,而是以动词原形开头.如:
Stand up!
Don’t worry about!
但如果说话时有多人在场,就得把主语表示出来,或加呼语,以便指明是向谁提出请求或发出命令.如:
Parents with children go the front!带孩子的家长到前面去!
Mary clean the windows,and you boys wash the floor!玛丽擦窗户,你们男孩子洗地板!
Come in,everybody!每个人都进来!
有时将主语表示出来是为了加强语气或表示“不高兴”、“厌烦”、“鄙视”等情绪.如:
Don’t you be late again!你可别再迟到了!
You get out of here!你给我滚出去!
Mind your own business,you!你少管闲事!
2.第一、三人称祈使句是以第一人称和第三人称代词或者名词等作为祈使的对象,这类祈使句通常以let为引导词表建议.如:
Let’s go!Let us go home!
Let him be here by 10 o’clock.
祈使句除用谓语动词表示外,还可用名词、副词、动词短语等表示.如:
Help!
Patience!
Quickly!
Hands up!
二、祈使句的强调形式及否定形式
祈使句的强调形式是在整个结构之前加do.如:
Do be careful!
Do Stop talking!
Do give my regards to your parents!务必/一定代我向你父母问好!
祈使句的否定形式是在整个结构之前加don’t或never.如:
Don’t you be nervous!你不要紧张!
以let为引导词的祈使句的否定形式通常是在Let’s或Let us/me后加not.

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Everyone has a lot of dreams.Some people want to be rich,dreaming of becoming millionaires overnight.Others want to be famous,dreaming of suddenly jumping to great fame.I have a lot of dreams,too.When I was a young girl,I dream...

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怎样学习英语作文一: How to study English? Study English,You do need to use English with speakers who are not teachers of English. This isn't easy, since everyone feels constrained speaking English with friends with whom it woul...

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一、祈使句的分类 祈使句表请求、命令、叮嘱、邀请、劝告等.祈使句分为第二人称祈使句及第—、三人称祈使句两大类. 1.第二人称祈使句通常用来向听话者发出命令,提出要求或建议.这种祈使句的主语you通常不表示出来,而是以动词原形开头.如: Stand...

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